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Lead Teacher – Ailsa Raw


Science is a body of knowledge built up through experimental testing of ideas. Science is also a methodology, a practical way of finding reliable answers to questions we may ask about the world around us.

Science in our school is about developing children’s ideas and ways of learning that enable them to make sense of the world in which they live through investigations and the application of ‘working scientifically’ skills.


At Key Stage 1 these skills are:

  • Asking simple questions and recognising that they can be answered in different ways;

  • Observing closely, using simple equipment;

  • Performing simple tests;

  • Identifying and classifying;

  • Using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions;

  • Gathering and recording data to help in answering questions.


At Lower Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4) these skills are:

  • Asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them;

  • Setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests;

  • Making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers;

  • Gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions;

  • Recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables;

  • Reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions;

  • Using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions;

  • Identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes;

  • Using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.


At Upper Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6) these skills are:

  • Planning different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary;

  • Taking measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings where appropriate;

  • Recording data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs;

  • Using test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests;

  • Reporting and presenting findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations;

  • Identifying scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.



The national curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics;

  • Develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them;

  • Are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.

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Our Curriculum

At Hertford St  Andrew the children develop their ‘working scientifically’ skills through the following units:


Nursery and Reception

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Plants: Identification

Plants: In the garden

Plants: Growing plants

Plants: Investigating plants




Animals, including humans: Identification

Animals, including humans: Different animals

Animals, including humans: Growth and survival

Animals, including humans: Healthy eating and healthy bodies

Animals, including humans: Teeth and digestion

Animals, including humans: Life cycles

Animals, including humans: Humans and health

Living things and their habitats: Identification

Living things and their habitats: Seasonal changes

Living things and their habitats: Habitats


Living things and their habitats: Classification and interdependence

Living things and their habitats: Life cycles

Living things and their habitats: Classification


Evolution and inheritance 

Materials: Observation

Materials: Everyday materials

Materials: Use of everyday materials

Materials: Rocks, fossils and soil

Materials: Solids, liquids and gases

Materials: Changes of materials


Light and sound: Senses



Light and sound: Light and shadows

Light and sound: Sound and vibrations


Light and sound: Light

Forces: Movement



Forces: Forces and magnets


Forces: Earth and space




Electricity: Batteries




Electricity: Circuits and components


Electricity: Electricity


Lessons provide the children with the opportunity to explore and investigate, observe and record, present, explain and evaluate, and research using computer-based tools and the fantastic non-fiction books in our school library.

British Science Week

At Hertford St Andrew we celebrate British Science Week. This year Nursery and Reception explored bubbles; KS1 built wildlife habitats; Lower KS2 created their own desserts inspired by Louis Pasteur and made reflective coats while Upper KS2 investigated paper spinners and aeroplanes.


On the last day we invite parents and children to visit the science celebration in the hall, where they can try different experiments and activities run by the older children and staff.

You can find out more about British Science Week at:

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Places in the local area to visit: