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Geography

Lead Teacher: Mrs Hodges

 

The National Curriculum for Geography aims to ensure that all pupils:


•    develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes
•    understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time
•    are competent in the geographical skills needed to: 


o    collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes
o    interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
o    communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.


Learning about the world around them children will increase their knowledge and understanding of the physical features of the earth using a range of atlases, maps, photographs and compasses.   They will come to understand about human geography in the form of trade links and the use of land.


Pupils in Key Stage 1 will name and locate the world’s 7 continents and 5 oceans. 


Name, locate and identify characteristics of the 4 countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas


They will understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of through human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.


Pupils will study weather patterns in the United Kingdom, locate hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.   Using geographical vocabulary, they will be able to refer to key physical features such as beach, cliff, forest, mountain, sea, ocean season and weather.


Pupils in Key Stage 2 will extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom, Europe, North and South America.  Developing their knowledge and understanding they will locate and know of the characteristics of a range of the most significant and physical features of the world.   They will study the similarities and differences between a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country and a region in North or South America. 


Using maps, they will locate the world’s countries, focusing on Europe (including Russia) North and South America, physical and human characteristics, countries and major cities.  Pupils will identify the Equator, Northern and Southern Hemispheres, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones including day and night, pupils will learn the position these and the significance of longitude and latitude.

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